Greatest Minds-Werner Heisenberg: In 1932, shortly before turning 31, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for «The creation of quantum mechanics», whose use has led, among other things, to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen.
“Only a few know, how much one must know to know how little one knows.”-Werner Heisenberg
The theory of knowledge is the philosophical discipline that deals with knowledge understood as a relation between subject and object. It is also called epistemology.
“Human truth is fleeting when we turn it into absolute and eternal ceases to be a truth.” – Dr. Ricardo Kotliroff
Today an internal realism is considered as an analytic-synthetic continuum, scientific induction-paradigm, as a complex system, which speaks of the real system as a world, but always within the framework of certain concepts, sets of beliefs and commitments.
“The description of reality is always an approximation.” – Dr. Ricardo Kotliroff
Greatest Minds-Werner Heisenberg: the principle of uncertainty states that it is impossible to accurately measure the position and linear momentum of a particle simultaneously.
“The reality we can put into words is never reality itself.” – Werner Heisenberg.
Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries when being pumped by the heart. High blood pressure, is a disorder in which the blood vessels have a persistently high blood pressure, which can damage them.
#HeartDisease, #HeartAttack, #stroke, #KidneyDamage, #ArterialDamage and various serious #CoronaryDiseases are all linked to high #BloodPressure. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Brian Greene: theoric physicist, mathematician and string theorist. It is one of the main discoverers of the so-called mirror symmetry of the Calabi-Yau forms.
Exploring the unknown requires tolerating uncertainty. Brian Greene
How a #patient responds #mentally to #diagnosis has a clear impact on their #physical prospects of #recovery. #Premilife Dr.Ricardo Kotliroff
In particle physics, quarks are massive elemental fermions that strongly interact to form nuclear matter and certain types of particles called hadrons. Several species of quarks can combine to form subatomic particles, such as protons and neutrons.
The nuclei of the #atoms are formed by #protons and #neutrons, and these in turn by smaller #particles called #quarks. #Premilife Dr.Ricardo Kotliroff
Each atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons attached to the nucleus. The nucleus is composed of one or more protons and typically a similar number of neutrons. Protons and neutrons are called nucleons. More than 99.94% of the mass of the atom is in the nucleus.
All #LivingBeings are made up of #atoms. Without them, #life would not exist as we know it. #Premilife Dr.Ricardo Kotliroff
Link energy is the potential energy stored in the chemical bonds of a compound. Chemical reactions release or absorb this kind of energy, depending on the enthalpy and caloric energy.
Every day we exchange matter and energy with our environment to #StayAlive. Throughout our lives from birth to death for the normal functioning of all our #VitalProcesses we need a supply and a constant balance of energy
Energy is a property of physical systems, it is not a real physical state, nor an “intangible substance”. However, there are those who, like Wilhelm Ostwald, have considered energy to be truly real, since, according to the equation of equivalence, the mass that is the measure of the quantity of matter can be transformed into energy and vice versa.
We’re focusing on the energy of the body, and the energies of disease. #Premilife Dr.Ricardo Kotliroff
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: he contributed to the theory of quantum chromodynamics, which describes a strong interaction as one of the fundamental forces. The character of the strong interaction is determined by a special symmetry between the color charges of the quarks.
If you are a researcher, you are trying to figure out what the question is as well as what the answer is. Edward Witten
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: great contributions are due to the theoretical physics of quantum field theory that applies the principles of quantum mechanics to classical systems of continuous fields, for example, the electromagnetic field.
There was a long history of speculation that in quantum gravity, unlike Einstein’s classical theory, it might be possible for the topology of spacetime to change. Edward Witten
Kaku estimates that by 2100, human beings will be able to manipulate objects with the power of the mind, computers will silently read the thought, perfect bodies will be created and life expectancy will be lengthened. He called civilization type I.
In string theory, the ‘Mind of God’ is cosmic music resonating in 11-dimensional hyperspace. Michio Kaku
Greatest Minds-Michio Kaku: an American theoretical physicist, outstanding specialist of string field theory, with a formalism approach in string theory, stating that relativistic string dynamics can be reformulated in the form of quantum field theory.
In string theory, all particles are vibrations on a tiny rubber band; physics is the harmonies on the string; chemistry is the melodies we play on vibrating strings; the universe is a symphony of strings. Michio Kaku
Greatest Minds-Stephen Hawking: he worked on the basic laws that govern the universe, along with Roger Penrose, and he showed that Einstein’s general theory of relativity implies that space and time must have a beginning in the big bang and an end within black holes.
The universe, according to quantum physics, has no single past, or history. The fact that the past takes no definite form means that observations you make on a system in the present affect its past.” – Stephen Hawking
Quantum Biology is the branch of Biology that studies processes that take place in living beings, based on characteristic effects of quantum mechanics, such as superposition of states, quantum coherence or tunnel effect.
#QuantumBiology refers to applications of #QuantumMechanics and theoretical chemistry to biological objects and problems. Example of #QuantumPhenomena in #BiologicalSystems is the conversion of #ChemicalEnergy into motion
From a Biology standpoint, life implies the capacities to be born, to grow, to metabolize, to respond to external stimuli, to reproduce and to die.
The intermediate level, the chords and tempos, has to do with how the biochemistry and biophysics are organized, arranged, played out in space and time to produce a creature who grows and divides and is. Ursula Goodenough
From a Biology standpoint, life refers to that which distinguishes the animal, plant, fungi, protists, archaea and bacterial kingdoms from the rest of the natural realities.
The biochemistry and biophysics are the notes required for life; they conspire, collectively, to generate the real unit of life, the organism. Ursula Goodenough
Greatest Minds-Niels Bohr: Bohr debated with Einstein on the validity or invalidity of the laws of Relativity in the subatomic world of Quantum Physics.
The opposite of a fact is falsehood, but the opposite of one profound truth may very well be another profound truth. Niels Bohr
Greatest Minds-Niels Bohr: numerous physicists, based on their principles, concluded that light had a wave-particle duality that had mutually exclusive properties, depending on the case.
Your theory is crazy, but it’s not crazy enough to be true. Niels Bohr
Greatest Minds-Niels Bohr: the atomic model of Bohr introduced the theory that electrons could fall (from one orbit to another) from an outer orbital to an inner one, issuing a photon of discrete energy, a fact on which quantum mechanics is based.
Everything we call real is made of things that cannot be regarded as real. Niels Bohr
Greatest Minds-Niels Bohr: the atomic model of Bohr introduced the theory of quantized orbits, which postulates that around the atomic nucleus, the number of electrons in each orbit increases from the inside to the outside.
No, no, you’re not thinking; you’re just being logical. Niels Bohr
Greatest Minds-Niels Bohr: he contributed to the understanding of the atom and quantum mechanics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922 for his work on atomic structure and radiation.
Every great and deep difficulty bears in itself its own solution. It forces us to change our thinking in order to find it. Niels Bohr
Greatest Minds-Erwin Schrodinger: life is not something isolated or opposed to the laws of thermodynamics, but biological systems preserve or expand their complexity by exporting the entropy produced by its processes.
Quantum physics thus reveals a basic oneness of the universe. Erwin Schrodinger
Greatest Minds-Erwin Schrodinger: he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933 for having developed the Schrödinger equation that describes the temporal evolution of a massive subatomic particle of undulatory and non-relativistic nature.
What we observe as material bodies and forces are nothing but shapes and variations in the structure of space. Erwin Schrodinger
Greatest Minds-Roger Penrose: Penrose has argued that there must be something of a non-computable nature in the physical laws that describe mental activity and postulates that the mind and the brain are two separable entities. He does it from the incompleteness theorem.
I think I am intrigued by paradoxes. If something seems to be a paradox, it has something deeper, something worth exploring. Roger Penrose
Greatest Minds-Roger Penrose: in 1965 he proved the first singularities theorem, which states that a gravitational singularity is inevitably formed during the collapse of a sufficiently massive star (a process in which a black hole is formed)
Sometimes it’s the detours which turn out to be the fruitful ideas. Roger Penrose
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: He won the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics for combining electromagnetism and the weak nuclear force in the Electroweak Model.
The more the universe seems comprehensible, the more it also seems pointless. Steven Weinberg
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: a string can do something besides move, it can oscillate in different ways. If it oscillates in a certain way, then, subatomically we would see an electron, but if it oscillates in another way, then we would see a photon, or a quark, or any other particle of the standard model.
String theory-We know a lot of things, but what we don’t know is a lot more. Edward Witten
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: an electron is not a “point” without internal structure and zero dimension, but a type of tiny string that vibrates in a space-time of more than three dimensions. The universe has eleven dimensions.
Spreading out the particle into a string is a step in the direction of making everything we’re familiar with fuzzy. You enter a completely new world where things aren’t at all what you’re used to. Edward Witten
What did Edward Witten think? String theory assumes that material particles, seemingly punctual, are actually “vibrational states” of a more basic extended object called “string” or “filament”
If I take the theory, as we have it now, I would conclude that extra dimensions really exist. They’re part of nature. We don’t really know how big they are yet, but we hope to explore that in various ways. Edward Witten
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: he developed the M theory, proposed as a “theory of everything” that unifies the four fundamental forces of nature: strong nuclear, electromagnetic, weak nuclear (decay interactions) and gravitational energy.
But the beauty of Einstein’s equations, for example, is just as real to anyone who’s experienced it as the beauty of music. We’ve learned in the 20th century that the equations that work have inner harmony. Edward Witten
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: his work combines theoretical physics with modern mathematics, in quantum field theory and string theory, and in related areas of topology and geometry.
As for the forces, electromagnetism, and gravity, we experience in everyday life. But the weak and strong forces are beyond our ordinary experience. Edward Witten
Greatest Minds-Edward Witten: American physicist and mathematician. Great contributions are due to the theoretical physics of elementary particles and to quantum field theory (especially in quantum chromodynamics).
String theory is an attempt at a deeper description of nature by thinking of an elementary particle not as a little point but as a little loop of vibrating string. Edward Witten
Greatest Minds-Stephen HawkingL he estimated that black holes should create and thermally emit subatomic particles, which are now known as the Hawking radiation, until they expend their energy and evaporate.
“Quantum physics tells us that no matter how thorough our observation of the present, the (unobserved) past, like the future, is indefinite and exists only as a spectrum of possibilities.” Stephen Hawking,
Greatest Minds-Werner Heisenberg: Physicist and German philosopher. He is known mainly formulating the uncertainty principle, a fundamental contribution to the development of quantum theory.
“The atoms or elementary particles themselves are not real; they form a world of potentialities or possibilities rather than one of things or facts.” – Werner Heisenberg
Greatest Minds-Stephen Hawking: a British theoretical physicist. He brought the concept of theorems with regards to space-time singularities, an area of space-time where you can’t define any physical magnitude related to gravitational fields, such as curvature, or others.
“Not only does God play dice but… he sometimes throws them where they cannot be seen.” – Stephen Hawking
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: The Bose-Einstein statistics model explain the behavior of basic types of elementary particles called bosons, one of the two basic types of the elementary particles of nature.
Never give up on what you really want to do. The person with big dreams is more powerful than the one with all the facts. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: he discovered that gravity is not a force or action at a distance, but a consequence of the curvature of space-time.
Education is not the learning of facts, it’s rather the training of the mind to think. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: the Father of the atomic bomb, he advocated world federalism, internationalism, pacifism, Zionism and democratic socialism, with a strong devotion to individual freedom and freedom of expression.
What is right is not always popular, and what is popular is not always right. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: he developed the theory of quanta of light, an indication of the wave-corpuscle duality, and that physical systems can show both wave and corpuscular properties.
A human being is part of a whole called by us the universe. Albert Einstein
A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: he was proclaimed the “person of the twentieth century” and the most preeminent scientist by Time magazine.
In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: Before the rise of Nazism, Einstein left Germany around December 1932 to the United States, where he devoted himself to teaching at the Institute for Advanced Study.
Any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex… It takes a touch of genius – and a lot of courage to move in the opposite direction. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: Nobel Prize in Physics for his explanations about the photoelectric effect and his numerous contributions to theoretical physics.
Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: During his last years he worked to integrate gravitational and electromagnetic forces into a same theory.
Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: the impact that his work had was the emergence of the scientific study of the origin and evolution of the Universe, through the branch of physics called cosmology.
Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: In 1905, when he was a young unknown physicist, he published research papers that would lay some of the foundations of statistical physics and quantum mechanics.
“I have no special talent. I am only passionately curious.” Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: In 1915, he postulated the theory of general relativity, in which he completely reformulated the concept of gravity.
“Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.” Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: He published the theory of special relativity and deduced the best-known equation of physics, the mass-energy equivalence, E = mc².
“There are only two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle.” Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: In 1905, when he was a young unknown physicist he published his theory of special relativity
“In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity.” Albert Einstein
For Popper, contrasting a theory means trying to refute it by means of a counterexample. If it is not possible to refute it, this theory is corroborated, being able to be accepted provisionally, but not verified. That is to say, no theory is absolutely true, but at the most it is not refuted.
“Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted.” Albert Einstein
The discoveries of modern physics, especially quantum mechanics and the uncertainty principle, prove that the existence of such an intellect – Laplace’s demon – is impossible at least in principle.
״I want to know how energy builds and allows life in your genes, molecules, mind, and spirit.״ – Dr. Ricardo Kotliroff
The second principle of thermodynamics introduces the function of entropy state, which is usually related to the notion of disorder that can only grow in the course of a real thermodynamic transformation.
It is my dream that Chinese medicine will help us conquer life-threatening diseases worldwide and that people across the globe will enjoy its benefits for health promotion. Tu Youyou
Great scientists – Jeffrey C. Hall? Nobel Prize in Medicine 2017 for his contributions on the functioning of biological clocks.
The question is not whether but how do the actions of a given gene influence some interesting aspect of behavior. Jeffrey C. Hall
Greatest Minds-Alexander Fleming: He was the first to observe the antibiotic effects of penicillin, obtained from the fungus Penicillium notatum. He also discovered the antimicrobial enzyme, lysozyme.
One sometimes finds what one is not looking for. Alexander Fleming
Greatest Minds-Linus Pauling: One of the founders of the fields of quantum chemistry and molecular biology. His contributions to the theory of the chemical bond include the concept of orbital hybridisation and the first accurate scale of electronegativities of the elements.
The best way to have a good idea is to have a lot of ideas. Linus Pauling
Greatest Minds-Frank Wilczek: he helped in the research and development of axions, anyons, asymptotic freedom, and other aspects of the field of quantum theory in general, and has conducted research in Physics of condensed matter, astrophysics and particle physics.
Knowing how to calculate something is not the same as understanding it. Frank Wilczek
Greatest Minds-Murray Gell-Mann: inside the atomic nucleus he found protons and neutrons that in turn are formed by other elementary particles called quarks. The quarks are held together thanks to the exchange of gluons.
For me, the study of these laws is inseparable from a love of Nature in all its manifestations. Murray Gell-Mann
Greatest Minds-Frank Wilczek: Nobel Prize in Physics 2004 for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of strong interaction, which states that the closer the quarks are, the smaller is the strong interaction between them. When the quarks are extremely close, the nuclear interaction between them is so weak that they behave almost like free particles.
If you don’t make mistakes, you’re not working on hard enough problems. And that’s a big mistake. Frank Wilczek
Greatest Minds-Murray Gell-Mann: Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969 for his discoveries on elementary particles. The Gell-Mann theory brought order to the chaos that arose when about 100 particles were discovered inside the atomic nucleus.
Sometimes the probabilities are very close to certainties, but they’re never really certainties. Murray Gell-Mann
Greatest Minds-Albert Einstein: A physicist of Jewish origin, he is considered the most important, well-known and popular scientist of the 20th century.
Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better. Albert Einstein
Greatest Minds-Edward M. Purcell: Nobel Prize in Physics for his research on the measurement of magnetic fields in the atomic nucleus.
“I have not yet lost a feeling of wonder, and of delight, that this delicate motion should reside in all the things around us, revealing itself only to him who looks for it.” – Edward M. Purcell
Greatest Minds-Marie Curie: The first woman to hold a teaching position at the University of Paris. She discovered two elements – polonium and radium.
“I am one of those who think, like Nobel, that humanity will draw more good than evil from new discoveries.” – Marie Curie
Greatest Minds-Marie Curie: A pioneer in the field of radioactivity, she was the first person to receive two Nobel prizes in different specialties – Physics and Chemistry
Our society, in which reigns an eager desire for riches and luxury, does not understand the value of science. It does not realize that science is the most precious part of its moral patrimony. – Marie Curie
Greatest Minds-Arne Tiselius: Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discoveries about the nature of blood plasma.
We live in a world where the distinction between true and false appears to become increasingly blurred by the manipulation of facts, by the exploitation of uncritical minds and the pollution of the language. Arne Tiselius
Greatest Minds-Albert Szent-Györgyi: Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discoveries in the processes of biological combustion in regards to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid.
Discovery consists of looking at the same thing as everyone else and thinking something different. – Albert Szent-Gyorgyi
The World Health Organization is the UN body specialized in managing health prevention, promotion and intervention policies worldwide.
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. World Health Organization
Molière was a French playwright, actor and poet, ruthless with the arrogance of false sages, exalting youth.
The mind has great influence over the body, and maladies often have their origin there. Jean Baptiste Moliere
Healing is not linear. Unknown
It is part of the cure to want to be cured. Seneca
The ancient Chinese discoveries were paper, compass, gunpowder and printing; Chinese mathematicians were the first to use negative numbers.
The appearance of disease is swift as an arrow; its disappearance slow, like a thread. Chinese proverb
The most renowned Catalan scientists are: Monturiol and Comas Solá, painters: Dalí and Miró, composers: Pau Casals and Albéniz, architects: Gaudí, and the popular culture is known as the castellers and the proverbs.
From the bitterness of disease, man learns the sweetness of health. Catalan proverb
The part can never be well unless the whole is well. Plato
Healing is a matter of time, but it is sometimes also a matter of opportunity. Hippocrates
What did Winston Churchill think? He was the Primer Minister of the United Kingdom during the Second World War and the only British Prime Minister awarded with the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Healthy citizens are the greatest asset any country can have. Winston Churchill
Our greatest happiness does not depend on the condition of life in which chance has placed us, but is always the result of a good conscience, good health, occupation, and freedom in all just pursuits. Thomas Jefferson
The best doctors give the least medicine. Benjamin Franklin
Prevention is better than cure. Desiderius Erasmus
I have chosen to be happy because it is good for my health. Voltaire
It is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver. Mahatma Gandhi
In a disordered mind, as in a disordered body, soundness of health is impossible. Marcus Tullius Cicero
The greatest wealth is health. Virgil
#ColonCancer treatment surgery: Minimally #InvasiveSurgery, removing Polyps, Endoscopic #MucosalResection, #PartialColectomy, Ostomy, and #LymphNode removal, depend largely on the stage of #cancer #Premilife Dr.Kotliroff
When #ColonCancer is detected in early phases the prognosis is more favorable. Stage III-has metastasized to nearby lymph nodes. Stage IV.-metastases to distant sites like liver or lung #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
When #ColonCancer is detected in early phases the #prognosis is more favorable. Stage I.has grown in the superficial lining or #mucosa. Stage II has grown into the #ColonWall. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Risk factors for #ColonCancer are #RadiationTherapy, for other types of cancer, when it is directed at the abdomen. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Risk factors for #ColonCancer are: some #GeneticSyndromes, #SedentaryLifestyle, High-fat #LowFiber diet, #Diabetes and #InsulinResistance, #alcohol, smoking and obesity. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Risk factors for #ColonCancer are #SedentaryLife, Primary sclerosing #cholangitis, Low levels of #selenium, Women who have had #ovarian, #uterine or #BreastCancer. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#ColorectalCancer, not present symptoms and signs until an advanced stage in which there appears as nausea, and vomiting diarrhea or constipation accompanied by blood in the stool. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#ColonCancer #RiskFactors are #smoking, a lot of #fats in the #diet, diseases such as #Crohn’sDisease or #UlcerativeColitis, #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Prophylactic #vaccination against #HPV has been developed for women aged 15 to 26 years. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Surgery treatments for #CervicalDysplasia depend on its grade and are cryosurgery, #LaserTherapy, #LoopElectrosurgical excision, and #SurgicalConization. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Dysplasia that is seen on a #biopsy of the #cervix is grouped into 3 categories: CIN I #MildDysplasia, CIN II #Moderate to #MarkedDysplasia, CIN III #SevereDysplasia to #Carcinoma in situ#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
With #CervicalCytology, we can describe #CervicalDysplasia grades classifying them #LowGrade, #HighGrade, possibly #cancerous, #atypical #GlandularCells or atypical #SquamousCells. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Usually, there are no symptoms or signs in #CervicalDysplasia. These appear if it is not treated, and #CervicalCancer develops, in which irregular #VaginalBleeding can occur. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#RiskFactor’s that contribute to contract #CervicalDysplasia begins #SexualRelations before the #age of 18 or if you have #sex with a man whose partner had #CervicalCancer. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
The human #papillomavirus is transmitted by #SexualContact affecting people of all #ages. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#CervicalDysplasia- Changes in cell size and organization are observed together with atypical proliferation. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#CervicalDysplasia: The human #papillomavirus produces a cervix cells lesion that affects the DNA, and as a consequence, their function and the cellular morphology are altered #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
The cause of #CervicalDysplasia are some types of human #papillomavirus. #CervicalDysplasia develops in #cells on the surface of the #cervix. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
The symptoms and signs of #medulloblastoma are similar of obstructive hydrocephalus: a headache, nausea, and vomiting, double vision, balance problems, movements are altered and lethargy #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Other prognostic elements of #BreastCancer are if there is involvement of #LymphNodes, the size of the #tumor and what we call the #HistologicalGrade. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#BreastCancer #metastasizes to the #bones, also to the #lungs, #brain, and #liver, being the #prognosis in these cases unfavorable. #Premilife #Dr.RicardoKotliroff
In treatment for #ObeseElderly, #PhysicalActivity should not be demanding and should be adapted to the person’s fitness condition. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
In treatment for #ObeseElderly, it is preferable to increase #PhysicalActivity than restricting #diet. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
What is the relationship between waist diameter and complications caused by obesity as we get older?
Increased waist diameter in #OlderAdults, may predict the risk of diseases, such as #diabetes, #hypertension, and #Coronary #HeartDisease, and the risk of #EarlyMortality #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Obesity can cause many complications in older adults, depending on the amount of body fat and its distribution in the body. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#BodyFat increases with age and #MuscleMass are lost during life, mainly due to the lack of #PhysicalActivity. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#ChildhoodObesity – It is necessary for the general #population and the #schools to implement and participate in programs that inform them to fight the #disease. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
On a public #health level, prevention of #ChildhoodObesity is not only an issue that should only involve the child’s #family. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#ChildhoodObesity – #PhysicalActivity should be promoted in the form of games, sports, and outdoor activities, which are more fun for the little ones than a more formal #ExercisePlan. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Childhood #obesity treatments focus primarily on #prevention, rather than a #WeightLoss plan. The #diet should be modified and changed to one in which fresh and #HealthyFoods are abundant #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
At #birth #obesity and #maternal #prenatal #smoking contribute to the onset of the #disease as these alter the #WeightRegulation in the child. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
The likelihood of severe complications due to #overweight or #obesity depends directly on the total amount of #fat, the way it is distributed, and from the total #MuscleMass. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
In #obese #children, it is important to improve #family dynamics to improve #motivation and #cooperation. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
In children with #MorbidObesity, alterations in #EatingBehavior with loss of control and #SomaticDisorders increase. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Anxiety is observed in 55% of the cases of chronic #obesity and is accompanied in the majority of the #patients of the same #maternal #pathology. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
In children (between) 5 and 16 years old, chronic #obesity is associated with #DefiantNegativist disorder in both sexes and #DepressiveDisorder in males; #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Emotional and #psychosocial consequences of #obesity in children can lead to social isolation and a negative #BodyImage, causing #anxiety, #depression, and failing grades. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Among #emotional and #psychosocial consequences of #obesity, children must face greater #discrimination, #rejection, #teasing, and #harassment from other #children. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Another factor in patients with #schizophrenia is the #NegativeSymptoms of the #disease such as flat affect and lack of satisfaction in daily life that leads to inactivity and to the development of obesity #Premilife
Among 42-60% of patients with schizophrenia are overweight or obese. #Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
#AtypicalAntipsychotics produce obesity because it attenuates the function of glucose transporter function, producing elevations of the surrounding glucose and insulin-compensating hypersecretion #Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
Atypical antipsychotics produce obesity through the following mechanisms- By the dopaminergic antagonistic action that induces weight gain #Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
Atypical antipsychotics produce obesity altering the function of the lateral area of the hypothalamus which is vital for regulating body weight through its muscarinic and histaminergic action (H1)#Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
Atypical antipsychotics produce obesity through the following mechanisms. Because of its sedative effects that would cause a decrease in physical activity #Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
#Obesity is present in #Mental illnesses such as #schizophrenia where there is an increased risk of being developed due to the side effects of psychotropic substances like #AtypicalAntipsychotics #Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
#NightEating Syndrome-It has been determined this #syndrome is more frequent in #women, covering 66% of the cases, being manifested in average from 39 years old. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#NightEating Syndrome-Those patients who suffer from severe #obesity are more likely to suffer from this #disorder. Sometimes the phenomenon is caused by the consumption of certain #drugs such as #zolpidem. #Premilife
#NightEating Syndrome- #Insomnia, difficulty #FallingAsleep, or frequent discontinuation of sleep is accompanied by #NocturnalHyperphagia; the need to eat awakens you and you can’t sleep if you don’t eat. #Premilife
#NightEating Syndrome-Those who present this syndrome usually consume about 35% of their total daily calories after dinner or during the late hours of the night, with only 10% being caloric intake before dinner#Premilife
#NightEating Syndrome- Night intake can also occur when waking up at night, being a #conscious phenomenon, as the person remembers #eating at those hours. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#NightEating Syndrome-occurs in approximately 10% of #obese people, who begin treatment for the #disease or a special #DietaryRegimen. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#NightEating Syndrome-You can even not eat lunch and not feel very #hungry until the afternoon. After dinner, among 25-59% of the cases, an excessive #FoodIntake episode occurs. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#NightEating Syndrome-Morning anorexia manifests as fasting or poorly ingested intake in the morning due to the alteration of the biological rhythm, which delays the appearance of appetite #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#BingeEating episodes-A negative affect is dominant. These binge-eating episodes are usually presented at least once a week for mild cases, between 8 and 13 times per week in severe cases. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
There has been a described relationship between #BingeEating disorder and the consumption of certain substances, like #drugs and #alcohol. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
There has been a described relationship between #BingeEating disorder and some types of #PersonalityDisorders, such as #BorderlinePersonality disorder, avoidant and #ObsessiveCompulsive disorder #Premilife
There has been a described relationship between #BingeEating disorder and others, such as #bipolarity, #depression and #anxiety #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Obese people with #BingeEating disorder may present greater psychiatric symptomatology, such as low self-esteem, body image distortion, #depression, high impulsiveness, and perfectionism.#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Other disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, present, unlike Binge Eating Disorder, compensatory #behaviors, such as #fasting, excessive #PhysicalExercise or self-induction of #vomiting #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Regarding the level of #meaning, society’s current preoccupation with #physical appearance and having the perfect #body can negatively affect the #obese #Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
During #development and #growth, a #mother who #overfeeds her #child, not considering its real #needs can cause and derive in a lack of knowledge of the #BodyImage and #identity in the child.#Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
On a content level, the obese often have difficulty in perceiving, nominating, and discriminating among feelings mainly hunger and satiety as food acquires an attractive value that can substitute other emotions#Premilife
Regarding form schema, #obese individuals suffer from underestimation, meaning they consider their proportions as inferior to those of others. #Premilife Dr.#Kotliroff
#Body content corresponds to those #physical and #psychological #perceptions we have of ourselves, also encompasses our ability to establish #relationships with #people, whether it be #friendly or #affective. #Premilife
Obese people, in terms of body schema, have some concern and dissatisfaction with their physical appearance, altering their own perception, so that it underestimates how their own body is perceived. #Premilife
These three spheres – form, content, and meaning,- are closely related to how an individual perceives its #BodyImage, something much more conflictive in #obese individuals.#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Among #PsychologicalAlterations frequently found in #obese people, we can include those related to the #perception of #BodyImage and #EatingDisorders. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#HumanBody-The fundamental characteristic was #ambivalence. The body can have a #SymbolicValue defined as #beautiful, or horrible and impure #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Throughout history, the perception of the reality of the #HumanBody and its symbolic and moral value has changed between different cultures. The fundamental characteristic was ambivalence. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#LowCaloric diets are not effective as a treatment for obesity, individuals often regain their #LostWeight, because they feel #guilty, embarrassed, and criticized for their failure they develop other #psychopathologies
#SocialPressure is one of the main problems the #obese face and can trigger related #psychopathies. Developing #PsychologicalProblems will depend on their #MedicalHistory and their previous #conflicts. #Premilife
The perception of #obesity by the current society which demands certain #BeautyStandards can cause problems in #relationships with others, obstacles in job search and looking for a romantic partner #DrRicardoKotliroff
Although no #PersonalityDisorder has been directly related to #obesity the obese may develop #PsychologicalProblems capable of affecting quality of life and #InterpersonalRelationships. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Family and #SocioculturalFactors influence early #addiction to #food. According to this model, from the obese’s perspective of #FoodDependence, it forms a part of its (lifestyle).#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Obesity #AddictivePersonality: #Food, in this case, can become an element that generates #dependency, and obesity in a person who is unaware of its own limits in terms of food.#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
The #AddictivePersonality is one that not only has a physical and chemical need, but also an #EmotionalState related to #ChemicalFactors connected to the feelings and #BiologicalNeeds of each individual. #Premilife
Some authors have dared to talk about an #AddictivePersonality associated with obesity, by finding common factors in obese people, similar to those found in addicts and patients with chronic diseases.#DrRicardoKotliroff
Multiple studies, however, have identified 3-10 #personality subtypes among #obese individuals, without a unique personality type or #PersonalityDisorder related specifically to it. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
The diversity of #personality profiles among the patients that suffer from #obesity has also been an obstacle when assessing the #PsychologicalFactors that influence them. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Psychology is an important area in the life of every #HumanBeing, and it must be considered in all #MedicalTreatments, especially in complex and #ChronicDiseases. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
It has been concluded that #obesity can reduce at least 2-4 years of the #AverageLife, while severe obesity can decrease it by up to 10 years.#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Moderately #ObeseWomen, a #BMI among 30-34, were 44% more likely to #die, and those #women with #SevereObesity, a BMI among 35-39, were 88% more likely to #die prematurely.#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Overweight #women, a #BMI among 25-30, #PrematureDeath was related to this condition, with this group being 13% more likely to #die. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
To establish a relationship between #obesity and #PrematureDeath, the average #LifeExpectancy of the population should be calculated and then compared to the life expectancy of the #obese. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#SelfEsteem #WellBeing and #schooling, among others, often deteriorate in obese people. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
In young #women, it has been possible to demonstrate the existence of a relation between #obesity and #depression, since the greater the #BMI, the more affected their #SelfEsteem is. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Often, because of the lack of #SocialAcceptance towards #overweight people, #obese people are often excluded or rejected because of their #PhysicalAppearance. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Many #obese people who undergo surgical procedures that reduce their weight significantly can lose considerable #BoneMass density, becoming a risk factor for the appearance of #osteoporosis#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Today, several studies have shown both an increase and a decrease in #BodyWeight may influence the onset of #osteoporosis. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Just like #obesity, #osteoporosis is a #ChronicDisease that affects body composition and can trigger increased #morbidity and #mortality in those who have it. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Osteoporosisn is usually higher in the onset of #diseases, such as #diabetes, #arthritis, #RheumatoidArthritis, #Cushing’s disease, #kidney and #LiverDiseases, and #lymphomas. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Osteoporosis affects #BoneDensity, making them more fragile and easy to break. Increased levels of #fat in the #BoneMarrow, where #bone tissue is generated, can lead to #osteoporosis. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Osteoarthritis is a problem caused by the wear of the tissue that protects certain #joints due to the excessive #weight exerted on them affecting mainly the #knees, #hips, and #LowerBack, causing #pain #Premilife
It is very common for #obese women to give #birth through cesarean sections, which reduce certain risk factors during labor for both the mother and the baby such as complications due to high #BloodPressure #Premilife
Obesity has been linked to several alterations in the female #ReproductiveSystem, among them risks during pregnancy, the onset of #GestationalDiabetes, and #FetalMortality in the last two-quarters of pregnancy #Premilife
There is a greater chance that #overweight people will have #gallbladder complications. Sometimes, gallbladder dysfunction and an abnormal increase in size may occur. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
The #gallbladder is a small sac located under the #liver that stores the #bile produced in the organ and carries it to the small #intestine it can be affected by #overweight #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
In #FattyLiver, when numerous lesions and scarring occur in the liver that prevents it from functioning normally, #cirrhosis, a very serious disease that can lead to #LiverCancer, occurs.#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#ChildhoodObesity can lead to #PsychologicalDisorders. Parents should take care of the good #nutrition of children to increase their health and quality of life in the future. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Obesity- #ChildhoodObesity can present future risks for #children who suffer from it, as #ObeseChildren suffer from #obesity and #disability in their adulthood.#Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Obesity- In #women, those who are #obese are up to three times more likely to have #UterineCancer than women of normal weight. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Obesity- One of the causes for which #tumors originate in the #DigestiveTract is due to the reflux of #GastricJuice to the #esophagus, very common in #obese people. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Obesity-In women #patients with a #BMI higher than 40 it has been found that the risk of having #uterine and #BreastCancer is up to 50% higher than in people with a normal #weight. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
In 2012, there were 8 million deaths caused by cancer and 14 million new cases It is predicted that in the next 15 years new cancers will increase to 70% and deaths from cancer will increase to 13 million #Premilife
In those patients with a #BMI higher than 40 it has been found that the risk of having #cancer of the #rectum, #colon, #liver, #esophagus, #kidney, #pancreas, #gallbladder, uterine and #BreastCancer is up to 50% higher.
#Obesity has been associated with the appearance of some types of #cancer which range from 7-41% of the emergence of #EndometrialCancer, #ColonCancer, and BreastCancer, for example. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
#Hyperlipemia Blood tests often give the result of high concentration of #triglycerides or “bad” fats and a low concentration of “good” cholesterol, which can trigger #CardiovascularDiseases #Premilife Dr.#R.Kotliroff
#Obesity – #Hyperlipemia comprises high concentrations of #fats and #lipids in the #blood. This condition is common in #patients suffering from #obesity. #Premilife #DrRicardoKotliroff
Type 2 Diabetes-In this type the body can produce #insulin to control blood #SugarLevels. As the disease goes on, using insulin becomes inefficient and the body can no longer control #GlucoseConcentrations #Premilife