Dissociative disorders are defined as conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity and/or perception.
• Dissociative disorders are defined as conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity and/or perception. The hypothesis is that symptoms can result, to the extent of interfering with a person’s general functioning, when one or more of these functions are disrupted.
• The five dissociative disorders listed in the DSM IV are as follows:
• Depersonalization disorder periods of detachment from self or surrounding which may be experienced as “unreal” (lacking in control of or “outside of” self) while retaining awareness that this is only a feeling and not a reality.
• Dissociative amnesia noticeable impairment of recall resulting from emotional trauma
• Dissociative fugue physical desertion of familiar surroundings and experience of impaired recall of the past. This may lead to confusion about actual identity and the assumption of a new identity.
• Dissociative identity disorder (formerly Multiple Personality Disorder) – the alternation of two or more distinct personality states with impaired recall, among personality states, of important information.
• Dissociative disorder not otherwise specified which can be used for forms of pathological dissociation not covered by any of the specified dissociative disorders.