Oral candidiasis (also known as “thrush”is an infection of yeast fungi of the genus Candida on the mucous membranes of the mouth.
Oral candidiasis (also known as “thrush”is an infection of yeast fungi of the genus Candida on the mucous membranes of the mouth. It is frequently caused by Candida albicans, or less commonly by Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis. Oral thrush may refer to candidiasis in the mouths of babies, while if occurring in the mouth or throat of adults it may also be termed candidosis or moniliasis.
• Oral infections by Candida species usually appear as thick white or cream-colored deposits on mucosal membranes. The infected mucosa of the mouth may appear inflamed (red and possibly slightly raised). In babies the condition is termed thrush. Adults may experience discomfort or burning. When the cream-colored deposits are scraped, there is slight bleeding. Risk factors
• Newborn babies.
• Diabetics with poorly controlled diabetes.
• As a side effect of medication, most commonly having taken antibiotics. Inhaled corticosteroids for treatment of lung conditions (e.g., asthma or COPD) may also result in oral candidiasis: the risk may be reduced by regularly rinsing the mouth with water after taking the medication.
• People with an immune deficiency (e.g. as a result of AIDS/HIV or chemotherapy treatment).
• Women undergoing hormonal changes, like pregnancy or those on birth control pills.
• Denture users.